What is a pilonidal cyst?
A pilonidal cyst is a sac that forms at the base of the tailbone (coccyx) and can become infected. It is usually filled with hair, debris, and skin fragments. This condition is more common in men than women and can be caused by the enlargement and blocking of hair follicles. The symptoms may include pain, redness, swelling, and drainage of pus or blood. Treatment options may include warm compresses, antibiotics, draining the cyst, or surgery in more severe cases.
What are the symptoms of a pilonidal cyst?
The symptoms of a pilonidal cyst usually include:
1. Painful and tender lump at the base of the spine
2. Swelling and redness in the affected area
3. Drainage of pus or blood from the cyst
4. Foul odor from the cyst
5. Fever and chills if the cyst becomes infected
6. Discomfort while sitting or standing for prolonged periods of time
It’s important to note that not everyone with a pilonidal cyst experiences symptoms.
What are the treatment of a pilonidal cyst?
A pilonidal cyst can be treated through several methods, which include:
1. Antibiotics: If the cyst has not yet started to drain, antibiotics can be prescribed to prevent infection.
2. Incision and drainage: A doctor can make a small cut in the cyst and drain the fluid.
3. Excision: In this procedure, the cyst and the surrounding tissue are surgically removed.
4. Laser hair removal: This minimizes the chances of hair growing back and leading to a recurrence.
If you suspect you may be experiencing symptoms of a pilonidal cyst, it’s important to speak with one of our physicians for proper diagnosis and treatment.